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Common reasons you are experiencing a toothache

February 08, 2023
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Did you experience a sharp, sudden toothache? Or have been bearing persistent pain over a few days. Here are the most common reasons why you have this pain and what you can do about it.

Common causes of a toothache and Treatment options

Infection or abscess 

An abscess or infection in your gums can cause severe toothaches. Check for swelling, redness, or painful boils on your jaw. Conditions can crop up due to cavities, dental trauma, or improper dental treatment. You could try home remedies and pain medication for temporary relief but consult your dentist as soon as possible.

Tooth decay 

Poor oral hygiene and excessive sugary food intake lead to bacterial growth, plaque, and tartar formation on the teeth. This eventually results in cavities, decay of teeth, and painful toothache. Regular dental check-ups can flag cavities and help you get treated faster.

Loose or broken filling 

A broken or loose filling can lead to gum inflammation and sharp tooth pains. Contact your dentist immediately to get the damage fixed. This will reduce the pain and help you avoid any further deterioration of your tooth.

Broken or cracked tooth 

Excessive teeth grinding and dental trauma like accidents or biting a hard food item can result in a cracked tooth. The broken tooth can cause pulp infection and eventual tooth loss if left untreated. Visit a dentist for immediate consultation and treatment. Many broken tooth cases can be fixed with a cap, while some need cosmetic dentistry.

Gum disease 

Gum diseases are one of the biggest reasons behind toothaches. Poor oral hygiene is the cause of most gum diseases. Making sure you follow a proper oral care routine of brushing twice a day, regular flossing, and using anti-bacterial mouthwash helps effectively treat gum diseases.

Emerging or erupting wisdom teeth

If you are feeling pain around your molars, it could be due to erupting wisdom teeth. The wisdom teeth are often blocked between the jaw bone and the neighboring tooth and become impacted. In such cases, it is best to go for a wisdom tooth extraction to alleviate the pain.

Injury or trauma 

Severe dental trauma is an obvious cause of toothache. Make an immediate appointment to fix the tooth to avoid any further damage.


Also termed as teeth grinding, bruxism is a bad habit that wears out your tooth enamel. It is caused when you apply excess pressure on your jaws, tensing up the muscles and leading to constant clenching and grinding of the teeth. Avoid this by wearing a mouth guard while you sleep.

Abnormal bite

An abnormal bite can be caused due to impacted teeth, teeth loss, bad dental fittings, overuse of pacifiers, or thumb sucking. It leads to temporomandibular disorders or TMD, where the hinge connecting the temporal bones with the jaw does not work correctly. Fortunately, an abnormal bite can be treated with braces or surgery, depending on the severity of the issue.


You should address tooth issues immediately to avoid significant health hazards. Your dentist can do a thorough check-up and suggest the best course of treatment. Based on the problem, you can go in for cosmetic dentistry, Botox Therapeutics, Platelet-Rich Plasma Therapy, gum disease treatment, extraction, or surgery. Contact Ashraf Dentistry today for more information!

Ready when you are

Lamine Diallo
Lamine Diallo
02:21 15 Jun 22
My family and I have been receiving care from Dr. Ashraf and his amazing team since we first moved to Waterloo in 2002. His assessment skills are spot on, he is gentle and is very skilled at working with anxious\nervous patients. My dental hygienist is Lin who is very knowledgeable, and passionate about her work. She is amazingly gentle yet very,very thorough when it comes to preventative dental care. She is didactic as well, taking the time to teach patients how to use certain equipment as well as addressing gingivitis in pro-active ways. We are in very capable hands.
Trisa Kapetaneas
Trisa Kapetaneas
18:12 01 Jun 22
I have been a patient here for over 2 years now and I've always enjoyed the experience. The staff are professional and have always made me feel comfortable. I recently had a cleaning done by Lynn for the first time and she was amazing! Will continue to visit for my checkups/cleanings.
Aamir Mirza
Aamir Mirza
14:54 03 May 22
Dr. Ashraf and his team is amazing. All work done under one umbrella for entire family. We all are very happy to be under the care for the last 20 plus years. Lin, dental hygienist is remarkable professional. She knows her job so well that I look forward to my cleaning every time I'm scheduled. Thank you Lin for your amazing work for my entire family!
Alena Delena
Alena Delena
14:50 02 May 22
My family loves Dr Ashraf. We've been through many dentists in many cities and he's by far our favourite one. He's always thorough and professional. His referrals are also of equal high caliber. I went to him for a root canal and a crown. I had many concerns and he addressed them all personally. He even went so far as to redo a root canal for me. Recommend.
Nicole Wood
Nicole Wood
15:31 28 Apr 22
I found Ashraf Dentistry a year ago and I absolutely love their dental clinic. Everyone is very kind and thorough. Lin is the best dental hygienist I've ever had! She takes the time to ensure I receive the care I need. Both dentists I've seen have also been very kind and wonderful at making me feel like my teeth are being taken care of. Highly recommend!
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